Diritto e Religione nelle Società Multiculturali/ Law and Religion in Multicultural Societies/ Derecho y Religión en las Sociedades Multiculturales/ Droit et Religion dans les Sociétés Multiculturelles/ Recht und Religion in Multikulturellen Gesellschaften/ 多元化社会中的法与宗教 / القانون والدين في المجتمعات متعددة الثقافات

Religion, Law and Covid-19 Emergency

Why this site?

The health emergency caused by the contagious virus SARS-CoV-2 is having many consequences also on religious rules – more broadly for the difficulties raising from the possible contradiction between the respect for the measures taken by civil authorities and religious rules. International law allows for the limitation˝ of the right to religious freedom on the grounds of protection of public health, and we are witnessing a situation of unprecedented restrictions on the global scale. As scholars engaged in the study of the legal regulation of the religious phenomenon, we have wanted to create a space to collect documents, comments and other useful materials related to the emergency, in order to assess the outcomes of the normative choices made by civil and religious authorities.

L’emergenza sanitaria prodotta dal contagioso virus SARS-CoV-2 sta producendo molte conseguenze anche sulle regole religiose, e più in generale sulle difficoltà che nascono in forza della potenziale contraddizione che può determinarsi fra il rispetto delle regole imposte dalle autorità civili e le regole religiose. Le norme internazionali ammettono che la libertà religiosa possa essere ristretta dalla legge per motivi di sanità pubblica, e stiamo assistendo ad un esercizio di restrizione su scala mondiale mai registrato in precedenza. Nella qualità di accademici impegnati nello studio della disciplina giuridica del fenomeno religioso, abbiamo pensato di creare uno spazio di raccolta di documenti, commenti, e altro materiale utile intanto ad affrontare l’emergenza, e in prospettiva a studiare gli esiti delle scelte normative che le istituzioni civili e quelle religiose stanno compiendo.


Law, Religion and Covid-19 Emergency – Ebook, DiReSoM Papers 1

As scholars engaged in the study of the legal regulation of the religious phenomenon, we decided to create a web space to collect documents, comments and other useful materials related to the Covid-19 emergency, in order to assess the outcomes of the normative decisions made by state and religious authorities. So, on March 8th we …

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Recent Comments

The Ramadan in the days of Covid-19. A glance from Italy.

by Rosa Geraci

The Coronavirus emergency has led the Government and local authorities to adopt measures restricting religious freedom. The Ordinances and Decree-Laws of recent weeks have actually ordered the suspension of collective rites and worship and the limitation of access to sacred places, in order to deal with the emergency situation and protect the health of citizens. The state of major emergency has forced the Government to take some specific measures, which obviously must be proportional and appropriate to the risk, including the suspension of civil and religious ceremonies and the limitation on entering places of worship.

The Covid-19 pandemic in Muslim countries

by Caterina Gagliardi

The Covid-19 approach to the health emergency of Muslim countries may prove to be of considerable interest if one considers their specific social and legal connotations. For this reason, even though without any pretension of exhaustiveness, the following analysis proposes, on the one side, to understand to what extent the governmental dynamics of prevention of contagion – some of which are still in progress – have affected the systems of guarantee of liberties and fundamental rights; on the other side, it is intended to verify what has been the role of the Islamic religion in the process of adoption of the institutional responses to the crisis.

Covid-19 in Africa and Latin America. Certain forms of religious negationism favor the pandemic

by Stefano Picciaredda

In the universe of religious worlds, reactions to the spread of the pandemic have been very different. As it has been observed, there have been examples of underestimation, exploitation, or even radical denial of Covid-19 harmful effects. Interpretations based on millenarianism have also flourished. Some examples of such conceptions in Africa and Latin America, are examined in the following pages.

Eastern Orthodoxy and the pandemic. Cultural approaches towards rule of law in Romania

by Cătălin Raiu
Even if during the actual pandemic all states have imposed general restrictions regarding the conduct of religious activities, Romania is among the few democratic regimes in which the public authorities addressed liturgical recommendations. Fascinated by its despotic power, the state forced itself in the Chalice recommending abstention from the Eucharist. It did not do so for theological reasons, but from lack of democratic culture. Both international and national legislation are extremely precise regarding the regulation of worship: citizens are empowered with religious freedom, a right set at the base of the pyramid which is the rule of law and which is exercised also by taking part in the religious ceremonies conducted according to norms established by the religious organizations, based on their autonomy towards the neutral state from a religious standpoint.


Position Papers

Proposal for a safe resumption of religious celebrations in Italy

DiReSoM As professors and researchers of law and religion in Italian public Universities, and as founders  of the “Diresom” research group – which during this pandemic activated the first international web portal on Law, Religion and Coronavirus (www.diresom.net) – we are please submitting to the Italian government and to the religious bodies a contribution to …

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Laws – Special Issue “The Crisis of Religious Freedom in the Age of COVID-19 Pandemic”

https://www.mdpi.com/journal/laws/special_issues/religious_freedom Special Issue Editor Prof. Adelaide MaderaWebsiteGuest EditorDepartment of Law, University Of Messina, 98122 Messina, ItalyInterests: canon law, law and religion Special Issue Information Dear Colleagues, The so-called lockdown, imposed to restrain (or at least limit) the spread of COVID-19, had an overwhelming impact not only on our personal lives, but also on the exercise of …

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Holy See – Statement after draft resolution “Comprehensive and Coordinated Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic”

The Holy See Makes Seven Points and One Reservation By H. E. Archbishop Gabriele Giordano CacciaApostolic Nuncio and Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations Mr. President, At the outset, I want to express thanks to the co-coordinators, the Permanent Representative of Afghanistan, H. E. Adela Raz, and the Permanent Representative of …

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Dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ,
Peace be with you!
For several weeks now, we have all been living through something we did not expect and for which we had no time to prepare ourselves, no real precedents to guide us, no previous experience to reassure us. A microscopic virus has thrown the whole world into disarray, including our normal Catholic life.

Recent Documents

Don’t follow this example: an Italian bishop celebrates Holy Thursday Mass without respecting measures of hygiene and of security